That is, we learn to associate positive feelings with people that are linked to rewards. Instances of interpersonal similarity function as rewarding stimuli, which leads people to associate positive feelings with similar others, which in turn leads people to be more attracted to similar others.
How does similarity affect attraction?
The similarity-attraction effect refers to the widespread tendency of people to be attracted to others [Page 876]who are similar to themselves in important respects. … Similarity effects tend to be strongest and most consistent for attitudes, values, activity preferences, and attractiveness.
What factors influence interpersonal attraction?
There are many factors that lead to interpersonal attraction. Studies suggest that all factors involve social reinforcement. The most frequently studied include physical attractiveness, propinquity (frequency of interaction), familiarity, similarity, complementarity, reciprocal liking, and reinforcement.
How does similarity promote attraction to another person?
Some researchers have suggested that similarity causes attraction. Others acknowledge that people may be more likely to have friends and partners who are similar to themselves simply because of accessibility: people are more likely to associate with people who are similar to themselves.
Why does similarity matter in attraction?
And these are the factors that appear to predict relationship success—couples with more similar attitudes, values, and backgrounds tend to experience more lasting satisfaction, companionship, intimacy, and love and are less likely to break up.
Why is similarity important?
Similarity in background provides the appropriate circumstances for emotional comparison. Thus, we often envy or are proud of those who were born in the city of our birth, or we typically fall in love with a person who is similar to us or reminds us of someone from our past.
Do similarities attract?
For human beings, the attractiveness of similarity is so strong that it is found across cultures. Because similarity is associated with attraction, it makes sense that individuals in committed relationships tend to be alike in many ways.
Which factors that influence interpersonal attraction contribute to chemistry?
The underlying factors of friendship chemistry are: reciprocal candor, mutual interests, personableness, similarity, and physical attraction.
What do propinquity similarity and reciprocal liking have in common?
Propinquity: gain familiarity through mere exposure. Similarity: if similar, will also seem similar. Reciprocal Liking: people who we like and get to know tend to become familiar.
What are the four major factors contributing to interpersonal attraction quizlet?
Terms in this set (6)
- Interpersonal attraction. liking or having the desire for a relationship with another person.
- proximity. physical or geographical nearness.
- Mer exposure effect. …
- Similarity. …
- Recipracity. …
- Physical attactiveness.
Why is similarity so important in attraction quizlet?
Similarity is important in the formation of relationships for two main reasons: 1. We assume that people similar to us will be more likely to like us. By ruling out dissimilar people, we lessen the chance of being rejected as a partner 2.
What is it about similarity and proximity that is key to attraction?
Proximity. Often we “stumble upon” friends or romantic partners; this happens partly due to how close in proximity we are to those people. … Proximity allows people the opportunity to get to know one other and discover their similarities—all of which can result in a friendship or intimate relationship.
How does reciprocal liking affect attraction?
Attraction and relationships
According to the reciprocity principle, people tend to favor the potential partners who return the interest. Experts have claimed that when people select potential mates, they look for someone whose status, physical attractiveness, and personal qualities are about the same as their own.
Is it better to be more similar or different in a relationship?
Similarities in temperament are also crucial for a lasting relationship. While smaller differences in temperament are desirable to keep things fresh, extreme differences such as a very introverted and a very extroverted partner will ultimately see their differing social appetites cause problems in their relationship.
What is similarity-attraction paradigm?
People who are similar are often attracted to each other, but why is this true? In this lesson, you’ll learn about evidence that supports the similarity-attraction paradigm, a paradigm that states people feel more comfortable with others who are similar (as opposed to dissimilar) to themselves.
A different group of psychologists found that in long-term relationships, perceived similarity was a better predictor of liking and attraction than actual similarity. It appears that similarity in reality matters, but the simple belief that someone is similar to us is actually more important.