Tourism has been an important part of Kenya’s recent history, resulting in the creation of vast national parks and game reserves, the outlawing of hunting, and generating a high percentage of GDP.
What is the importance of tourism in Kenya?
The Travel and Tourism industry is a significant contributor to the economic development of most economies in the world. The tourism sector is one of the key economic drivers in Kenya generating 8.8% of the country’s GDP, worth USD 7.9 billion in 2018 (Standard Media Group, 2019).
How does Kenya benefit from tourism?
The tourism sector, says the report, creates jobs for 11 per cent of Kenya’s workforce. It diversifies the economy and boosts other sectors such as transport, food and beverages, entertainment and textiles. While the high volume is good for business, it is also taxing to prominent beaches.
How much does Kenya depend on tourism?
In 2020, travel and tourism contributed 4.2 billion U.S. dollars to Kenya’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The amount declined by nearly 50 percent in comparison to 2019. That year, the value added by the tourism sector to the economy reached a peak at 8.1 billion U.S. dollars.
Does Kenya have an important tourism industry?
Tourism in Kenya is the second-largest source of foreign exchange revenue following agriculture. The Kenya Tourism Board is responsible for maintaining information pertaining to tourism in Kenya.
What is the importance of tourism?
Tourism boosts the revenue of the economy, creates thousands of jobs, develops the infrastructures of a country, and plants a sense of cultural exchange between foreigners and citizens. The number of jobs created by tourism in many different areas is significant.
Why has tourism developed in Kenya?
The government continues to spearhead tourism development as a reliable source of foreign exchange receipts, job creation and economic growth (Table 1). … The Kenyan government has, in recent years, increasingly turned to the promotion of tourism as an alternative source of foreign exchange earnings.
How has tourism in Kenya helped to reduce the development gap?
Positive effects of tourism
Improved living standards, with more schools and hospitals. Infrastructure improved. Safari parks protect animals from poachers and can stop extinction of species. Local tribes are able to make money by selling handicrafts, eg the Maasai tribe.
Is tourism big in Kenya?
Kenya is the third largest travel and tourism destination in Africa, after South Africa and Nigeria, and the tourism sector accounts for 4.4% to the country’s GDP. Prior to the pandemic, Kenya received more than 2 million annual visitors, mainly from the US, the UK, India, China, Germany, France, and Italy.
Which is the main problem facing tourism in Kenya?
The major problems facing domestic tourism were found to include low levels of income among the local people, lack of awareness, high prices of tourist products, lack of promotion, general economic instability and’lack of information on the local market.
What are the problems of tourism in Kenya?
Degradation of Kenya’s natural wildlife and coastal beach resources, which historically have been the base of Kenya’s tourism, occasioned by increased human settlement, overcrowding and poorly planned or unplanned tourism development continue to challenge the sustainability of tourism.
How does tourism help reduce the development gap?
Not only will tourism decrease the development gap directly, but also indirectly through tax revenue. This tax revenue can be used to build infrastructure, which creates jobs. The infrastructure that is built may used for trading, generating more money and reducing the development gap.
How does tourism contribute to employment?
Travel & Tourism generated US$7.6 trillion (10% of global GDP) and 277 million jobs (1 in 11 jobs) for the global economy in 2014. Recent years have seen Travel & Tourism growing at a faster rate than both the wider economy and other significant sectors such as automotive, financial services and health care.